Networked publics: space constructed thru networked technologies and the imagined community that emerges as a resul to fht eintersection of people, technology
Online expressions are automatically recorded and archived.
Replicability: content can be easily copied
Searchability: potential visibility of content. Mostly searchable when somebody in a position of power wants to find information on you.
Scalability: worst things will scale to larger public than intended
Locatability: Recognizing where you are
Invisible audiences: not all audiences are visible, nor are they necessarily co-present; negotiate invisible unknown audiences
Collapsed contexts: lack of spatial, social and temporal boundaries makes it difficult to maintain distinct
Public/Private blurring: public and private become meaningless binaries
danah boyd: Maintaining Privacy
Privacy plays out in physical spaces; teens engaging with seemingly-public spaces to socialize, hang out, etc,
Teens say things in public in coded ways; social stegonography; hiding things in public; powerful bc people don't think to look at it; interpretation to specific people at specific times;
Moment of making it public to certian people and not to others.
Recognizing technological affordance and trying to deal with it. Making spaces work for you.
Just because content is publicly visible doesn't mean that they are meant to be understood publicly.
Alice Marwick: Status and Networked Publics
Attention and visibility=social status
3 strategies : Micor-celebrity, self-branding, life-streaming
Celebrity as practice: Social media used to directly communicate with audience in a way that suggests that you are accessible and connected to them; treat audience as if its a fan club; audience treats him/her like a celebrity
Micro-celebrity: consciously develop and perform persona, think of self as commodity, view viewers as audience they are performing for; use personal information to create sense of closeness/authenticity
Self-branding: presenting self as a thought-leader; lots of work; little separation between work life and home life; always presenting self as if potential client is reading; constantly sharing personal information to keep audience interested
Lifestream: constant broadcast of personal information; when everyone has similar lifestreams, the sum of parts creates greater meaning; lifestream added by people around you
Effects: constrained self-presentation; normalizes monitoring and p2p surveillance; pursuing actions that will make people look
Mary Gray: Publics at the margins
Centers and margins persist despite and through networked public life
Technology pushes against and reinforces margins
Shout-out to DiMaggio and Hargittai
2 types of marginalization:haves/have nots; unseen/illegible (who is imagined as out of place; off cultureal radar=not searchable, weak scalability; working the boundaries of public/private);
Digital inequalties define rural LGBT youth information access and digital media help create local belonging rather than, simply, escape routes; it's not about escaping, it's about finding other people in their county; reinforcing the networks that you have; schools are wired, but heavily filtered and monitored; space is organized not just physically but culturally; new technologies inherently cause people to re-encounter spaces; opportunties to present narrative and voice are buried and less searchable;
Box stores are excellent places for drag; defacto public spaces in places where public-ness has lost its meaning
Will mobile apps make a difference? Proliferation of queer-specific apps to help you find other queer people; producing/placing "imagined audiences" that continue to reinscribe spatial relations of identity
Boundary publics map the entanglements of new media and local space.
Information moves through rituals and ceremonies in Dhiri communities (indigenous people in Australia); everything about the Dhiri is carried around on USB disks on dashboard of trucks, is copied onto computers, is understood as a traditional form of circulating information, information still owned by them.
1 internet account doesn't mean 1 peron/user; technology networking is more complicated than it appears;
What does it mean to think about privateness? Culturally contingent, deeply connected to larger discourses
What does it mean to talk about the intersection of people, culture, societies? What it means to be in a technological realm is infintiely more complicated than it first appears.
You need to understand history, culture, politics, etc to understand meaning.
MG: Technology doesn't just fix it. Technology is always embedded in its context.
DB: Most of people building social technologies are privileged, they assume that everyone's context is the same. When designing technology, we need to ask, How do I solve this problem in a no-tech context?
GB: Assumptions get made that privilege certain locations or contexts. We need to critically interrogate where those boundaries and powers are made invisible.